Why does my hand hurt? Causes of hand pain


Most men and women use their hands consistently – doing issues like chopping greens, sending texts, gardening or actively playing sports. It’s no speculate that fingers, thumbs, wrists or your complete hand, can get sore or hurt.

Fingers consist of a lot of buildings – such as tendons, bones, ligaments, nerves and joints – that can all be resources of soreness. Diverse varieties of accidents demand distinctive treatment options, so comprehension the induce of your pain is an significant very first move on the route to healing.

So, what does it imply if your fingers are tingling? What if your wrist is bruised and sore? What must you do if you have a deep cut in your hand but really feel nothing at all at all? Beneath, we search at how your hand functions, the various explanations for hand pain and when to search for cure.

Is my hand soreness induced by my tendons?

What do tendons do?

Tendons are cords that connect your muscle mass to your bones. When your muscles contract, your tendons pull on the bones, triggering your joints to transfer. The two types of tendons in your hand and fingers – flexor and extensor tendons – pass by way of tunnels termed tendon sheaths, which maintain the tendons organized and close to your bones.

What are triggers of tendon accidents?

Tendons can be minimize accidently with a knife or other software. Tendons can also be a source of ache when they are infected from overuse.

Acute accidents to your tendons

Cuts to the hand can injure the tendons that straighten out your fingers (extensor tendons on the back of the hand) or tendons that bend your fingers (flexor tendons on the palm aspect of the hand). If you reduce a tendon, the tendon will cease doing the job, and you will be unable to bend or straighten the finger.

If your hand or finger will get hit pretty tricky, your tendons may well stretch, tear or detach from the bone. For illustration, “mallet fingers” are prevalent sports injuries to the hand that occur when a ball or an additional item strikes the idea of the finger with a whole lot of force. When this transpires, the extensor tendon can tear away from your bone, and you’ll no for a longer time be able to straighten your fingertip.

Most injuries to flexor tendons are caused by a cut to your palm. 1 illustration could be a kitchen area knife injury from reducing an avocado whilst holding it in your hand. Nevertheless, flexor tendon injuries can also be triggered if your finger or thumb is forcefully pulled away from you, causing the tendon to tear or rupture.

Tendon overuse accidents

You can injure your tendons by employing them a ton around a extensive time period of time. Through repetitive use, your tendons can develop into irritated, inflamed and swollen, generating it tough for them to transfer by the tendon sheath. This issue is known as tendonitis and can have an effect on each flexor and extensor tendons.

Athletes who enjoy tennis, baseball or golf are prone to tendonitis simply because activities like swinging a racket, golfing club or bat can cause hand and wrist pressure. The most popular varieties of hand tendonitis are:

  • De Quervain’s tenosynovitis–This type of tendonitis is caused by repetitive wrist motions and results in discomfort in the forearm, wrist and thumb.
  • Trigger finger–Also known as stenosing flexor tenosynovitis, this kind of tendonitis impacts the flexor tendons on the palm aspect of your hand. If you have bring about finger, you could not be ready to bend or extend your finger or thumb. It could possibly also “lock” in a bent situation, and you would have to have to use a unique finger to straighten it out. Repetitive gripping can worsen trigger finger. The condition is a lot more prevalent in men and women with a diabetes.

What are indicators of a tendon damage?

If you have a tendon personal injury which is prompted by trauma, you may well not be capable to shift, straighten or bend your hand or fingers – and you will have soreness or tenderness when you check out.

If you have tendonitis, the pain in the injured location will acquire over time. Normally it is not specifically painful – commonly the agony is described as a dull ache you’ll experience when shifting the injured place. You may possibly also have tenderness or inflammation.

When really should I get remedy for a tendon damage?

If you suffered a traumatic injury to your hand and are unable to flatten your hand or shift your fingers, head to orthopedic urgent care for prompt professional medical awareness.

If you think you have a tendon personal injury prompted by overuse, just take a break from actions creating soreness and make an appointment with a hand specialist. They will function with you to establish a treatment method program to enable you recover and get back toughness.

Is my hand ache brought about by my nerves?

How do nerves operate?

Nerves provide sensation and coordinate your body’s movement. A nerve incorporates a bundle of nerve fibers, surrounded by a layer of connective tissue that shields them. When a nerve is wounded or compressed, you may truly feel numbness, burning and tingling, or ache.

There are 3 main nerves in your hand – the radial nerve, median nerve and ulnar nerve. These nerves start in your armpit, operate down your arm and into your hand. Due to the fact of this, it is feasible that injuries to your shoulders, neck or arms can outcome in nerve soreness in your hands and fingers.

What are brings about of nerve discomfort?

Nerve soreness can be caused by compression, discomfort, injury and particular professional medical problems. All the nerves in your hand can trigger nerve ache.

Nerve compression

Compression is when one thing in your physique (generally comfortable tissue), presses down on the nerve. This extra stress can cause irritation and agony, resulting in conditions this kind of as:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome–The median nerve travels by way of a canal at your wrist acknowledged as the carpal tunnel. The median nerve offers feeling to the thumb, index, center and ring fingers. When the nerve is under pressure at the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome), you may possibly working experience intermittent or constant numbness, burning or tingling in your hand. For a lot of folks, carpal tunnel syndrome signs or symptoms are even worse at evening, waking them up and generating it complicated to get again to snooze.
  • Cervical radiculopathy–Commonly regarded as a pinched nerve, this condition takes place when a nerve in your neck is irritated or compressed. Mainly because the nerves run down to your arms and palms, you may perhaps encounter soreness, numbness, burning, tingling or weak point in your arms and fingers. Pinched nerves are a lot more popular as you get older. But young persons get pinched nerves, much too – ordinarily after an personal injury that results in a herniated disc.

Acute nerve accidents

Acute accidents to the hand and fingers can be the bring about of nerve agony and harm, resulting in:

  • Crushed nerves–If your hand is crushed beneath anything quite large or among objects with a whole lot of power, it can problems the nerve, triggering numbness, tingling or weak point.
  • Slice nerves–An accidental lower on your fingers or hand can problems a nerve. If you working experience numbness in your fingers or hand right after a reduce, you must seek treatment immediately. Slash nerves generally involve medical procedures.


You may well have neuropathy if numerous nerves in your body are not operating effectively, which could guide to a decline of sensation in your hands and ft.

Neuropathy nerve problems is extra typical in older people today and all those with diabetic issues (the most common form of neuropathy is diabetic neuropathy) or other healthcare ailments. You may perhaps also have an enhanced danger of neuropathy because of to toxic compounds, alcoholism or drugs like chemotherapy.

What are symptoms of a nerve harm?

  • Incapacity to perform particular actions mainly because your hand doesn’t transfer properly or it is way too weak
  • Shooting soreness at the injury web page or along the nerve – this feeling can come and go, but occasionally the discomfort is consistent
  • Numbness or tingling, commonly close to the personal injury but in some cases along the total nerve
  • Loss of sensation – at times if you have nerve hurt, you may possibly feel almost nothing at all

When should I get cure for nerve-related hand suffering?

If you have signs of nerve irritation or injuries, you’ll want to discuss to a health care provider. If your symptoms are gentle, plan an appointment with a hand specialist. But if you are going through significant discomfort or have misplaced sensation in your hand soon after an harm, head to orthopedic urgent care appropriate away.

Is my hand agony prompted by my ligaments?

What do ligaments do?

A ligament is a rough band of fibrous tissue that attaches a single bone to a further bone. Ligaments support keep constructions, like joints, with each other and keep them steady.

What results in ligament injuries?

When a ligament is stretched or torn, it brings about a sprain. You could get a finger or a wrist sprain if you twist or bend your hand abnormally – like if you tumble on an outstretched wrist or if your hand extends too considerably backwards when lobbing the volleyball about the internet.

What are indications of a damage ligament?

  • Pain that feels worse with motion
  • Inflammation and bruising all over the injured location
  • A “popping” when you shift your hand or finger

When should I get remedy for a ligament harm?

Usually, you can take care of a simple sprain at property. If your injuries does not get improved in a couple times, make an appointment with a hand expert. It may be possible that you damage a bone and have to have further care.

Is my hand pain prompted by my bones?

What do bones do?

Bones give your human body its structure. Your bones get the job done with your muscular tissues and joints to keep your system jointly and allow for it to go. There are 27 bones in each and every of your arms, for a full of 54 hand and wrist bones. This is fairly a large amount when you contemplate that most adults have a complete of 206 bones – about 25% of your bones are in your hands!

Having so lots of hand bones allows us to bend and flex our fingers in all the techniques we need to have to.

What causes wounded bones?

When you crack a bone, it is named a fracture. You could fracture your wrist by landing on it for the duration of a fall. Or, you may perhaps break your finger if your finger strikes a little something or receives struck with a whole lot of drive.

When we believe about bone destruction, we tend to imagine about damaged bones. But that’s not the only way bones get hurt. Bones can also become bruised, but you may not be in a position to notify from the outdoors. Your bones get weaker and more fragile with age, so it is less complicated to injure them.

What are indicators of a damage bone in your hand?

  • Sudden agony that may well be intense and gets worse when you transfer your hand
  • Warmth, bruising and redness
  • Lack of ability to move your finger or hand
  • Apparent deformity
  • Inflammation

When need to I get support for a bone injury?

If you assume you have broken your hand, head to orthopedic urgent care. Finding fast medical interest can aid make sure the finest healing as you recuperate.

Is my hand ache prompted by my joints?

What are joints?

Joints are the place two or a lot more bones arrive jointly. The finishes of the bones are lined with cartilage, which presents cushion and a sleek gliding surface area.

What leads to joint difficulties?

Sore joints can happen if the cartilage in the joints wears down, there’s inflammation in the bordering tissues, or if bones are knocked out of put.

Use and tear

As you age, the cartilage that safeguards the ends of your bones can begin to have on out, main to osteoarthritis (the most popular sort of arthritis).


Joint inflammation is related to a number of various ailments, which includes:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis–This form of arthritis is an autoimmune sickness, in which your body’s immune program attacks healthier tissue in your joints.
  • Psoriatic arthritis–If you have this variety of arthritis, it affects both your skin (you have psoriasis) and results in swelling of the tissues encompassing your joints.
  • Gout–This type of inflammatory arthritis is induced by the buildup of uric acid in the joints and soft tissues. Uric acid is a regular byproduct of your body’s processes. In most scenarios, your kidneys filter uric acid from your blood, and it leaves your overall body by way of your urine. But if your entire body can’t get rid of all the uric acid, it can solidify into crystals that settle in your joints and lead to hurt.
  • Bursitis–If you have bursitis, there’s irritation in the sacs of fluid that present cushioning for your joints.

Joint dislocation

If the joints in your hand are knocked or twisted, they can grow to be dislocated – which means the bones don’t occur together at the joint like they must.

Joint dislocations are in particular prevalent in fingers, but they can also transpire exactly where your bones link at your knuckles and wrist. This type of harm can materialize throughout a car accident, when you drop on your hand or if you perform call sporting activities.

What are indicators of joint troubles?

  • Agony, primarily when you transfer your joints
  • Stiffness, which may possibly be additional visible when you wake up or if you have not moved your hands in a although
  • Issues bending or flexing the impacted section of your hand
  • Tenderness and sensitivity to even the slightest stress
  • The sensation of bones rubbing together
  • Bones that search like they are at the mistaken angle or deformed
  • Swelling

When need to I get enable for joint troubles?

If you are suffering from sore joints in your hands – irrespective of the bring about – it’s a good plan to make an appointment with a hand expert. They’ll place together a treatment method prepare to aid you heal and regulate your pain.

But depending on your predicament, your main treatment physician can also be a great resource. For instance, if you have gout, your most important care doctor can focus on means to retain your uric acid levels in verify.

If you feel you have a dislocated bone, never attempt to push it again in put you – that can induce further injury. Alternatively, head to orthopedic urgent care.

Is my hand pain caused by some thing else?

In some scenarios, you may have hand discomfort that’s not straight brought about by injury or hurt to your hand’s anatomy. These include abnormal tissue growths called ganglion cysts and swelling in your palms and fingers.

Ganglion cysts

Ganglion cysts are noncancerous growths that can develop along the tendons and joints in your palms. Ganglion cysts are stuffed with a jelly-like substance and are normally between the dimensions of a pea and the sizing of a quarter. They may be bigger if they are situated on a joint.

Everyone can get them, but they are far more probable in ladies involving the ages of 20 and 40. They are also additional common in individuals with osteoarthritis and manifest much more usually close to joints or tendons that have been wounded.

In many instances, these cysts really do not result in agony or other challenges. But if the cyst presses down on a nearby nerve, it can cause ache. And depending on the sizing and place, they can impact joint motion.

What are signals of ganglion cysts?

If you have a round, mushy lump on your hand, it could be a ganglion cyst.

When should I get assistance for a ganglion cyst?

Ganglion cysts frequently go absent on their have. But if you have a progress that does not go absent, make an appointment with a hand specialist to discuss about selections. Therapy commonly includes draining the fluid from the cyst or surgical removal.

Inflammation in your palms

Edema is the health-related title for inflammation that comes about when excess fluid is trapped in your body’s tissues. If you have arthritis, it might be the purpose for your hand edema. Other reasons can be consuming much too considerably salt, amplified overall body temperature and specific clinical problems.

What are signs of edema?

  • Swelling or puffiness, specifically beneath the pores and skin
  • Pores and skin that seems to be stretched or shiny
  • A dent that stays in your skin for a next immediately after you press it

When ought to I get assist for edema?

In quite a few circumstances edema will go absent on its possess. But get assistance if it is primarily unpleasant. Perform with a hand specialist if your hand swelling could possibly be relevant to your arthritis, otherwise make a key treatment appointment. If you are owning hassle breathing, upper body ache or a significant fever, phone 911 – your edema may well be a signal of a major problem.

Discover the greatest hand pain treatment method for you

Numerous of the symptoms of hand accidents are identical, even although the triggers can be incredibly different. Acquiring care from a hand professional can assistance determine the motive for your hand discomfort and get the treatment method you have to have.

If you have significant discomfort, minimal motion or reduction of feeling subsequent a traumatic injuries, head to orthopedic urgent treatment and have your hand taken care of proper absent.

If you have hand suffering that is come to be worse around time, make an appointment to see a hand expert. They’ll be able to get the job done with you to regulate your indications and get back energy.

We’re all set to give you a hand


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